The second day of the five-day Diwali festival is called Naraka Chaturdashi. In 2022, its date is October 24th, and it is celebrated as a public holiday in the state of Karnataka.
On this day, people get up early and take a bath using aromatic oils. They then put on clean and new clothes. A hearty breakfast is enjoyed with family and friends. In the afternoon, special sweet foods are prepared. In Goa, Narakasura effigies made of paper and filled with grass and firecrackers are burned. A festive day is also incomplete without a bath with aromatic herbs and oils, and puja is done with oil, sandalwood flowers, and colors. Lord Hanuman is offered coconuts and prasadam made from poha and other ingredients like ghee, sesame seeds, jaggery and sugar.
- On this day, Krishna, Satyabhama and Kali killed the evil asura Narakasura.
- Hindus believe that evil and laziness result in hell, and this holiday is intended to eradicate them.
How to take part
This is the perfect time to meet up with friends, business associates, and family, and prepare gifts for them. Charity and gifts are a big plus for karma. Fireworks add to the joy and fun. People dine at home by the light of oil lamps which can be seen on the street, rooftops and entrances of buildings. According to the Vedas, one must take a bath on the day of Naraka Chaturdashi to avoid being reborn in the hellish worlds of Yamaraja.
When is Naraka Chaturdashi celebrated in 2023?