Every year on June 15, Magna Carta Day is celebrated around the world – the day the Magna Carta was signed. This is undoubtedly the most important document in the history of politics. It was compiled in Great Britain, and signed in mid-June 1215. Since then, the Charter defines the rights of citizens, and also limits the permissiveness of monarchs.
Historians note that on June 15, 1215, a step was taken towards democracy. Since then, Magna Carta Day has been a day to pay tribute to the wisdom of politicians who promoted, first in their own country and then around the world, the principles of freedom, democracy, and constitutionalism.
- The document appeared when the barons rebelled against high taxes, as well as feudal laws introduced by King John. This charter significantly limited the rights of the king.
- Among the main principles of the Charter are the activities of jury trials, which included peers and compensation for goods that are confiscated in the national interest.
- Many modern documents are drawn up on the basis of the Magna Carta.
- In 1689, another document was signed, further limiting the power of monarchs. In addition, the freedoms of citizens are clearly indicated in 13 articles. The new document was based on the Charter, like the US Constitution (country and individual states).
How to take part
Take white paper, carefully crumple it into a ball, then straighten it, moisten some cotton with strong coffee and wipe the sheet. Now dry the sheet with a hairdryer, and you get something that looks like real parchment – old, soiled. Write your principles of freedom using a quill or fountain pen. When the text is ready, secure it with a seal – drop a little melted wax on the corner of the sheet and leave a coin imprint.
If you want to know more about the Charter, it is in the British Library as well as Lincoln Cathedral. Another copy is in Runnymede, where King John signed the Charter in Salisbury Cathedral. If you want to share information on social networks, use the hashtag #MagnaCartaDay.
When is Magna Carta Day celebrated in 2023?
Magna Carta Day is observed on June 15 each year.