On the full moon in the month of Kartik, the festival of Guru Nanak Gurpurab falls, when the founder of the doctrine called Sikhism was born. The date is not fixed. In 2022, it coincides with November 30th.
The birth of Guru Nanaka was marked in 1469. It happened not far from the city of Lahore. As for the formation and formation of its basic concepts, they were significantly influenced by the new teachings of the Hindus. Bhakti is based on reforms. He was also a supporter of Sufi views based on mysticism and asceticism. This expressed a protest directed against the complete submission to the feudal lords, the caste division of merchants and artisans.
Nanak vehemently opposed not only inter-caste strife, but also discrimination along with overly complicated local religious rituals. He was against both displays of fanatical adherence and acts of intolerance by Muslim rulers. The holiday has reached modern India and is celebrated with pleasure.
It is noteworthy that:
- speaking of the existence of a single God’s power, Nanak recognizes the Hindu teaching – the possibility of transmigration of the soul. The worship of idols is condemned by them;
- in the local temples of his adherents and admirers one cannot find images of divine outlines and people;
- in art, it is allowed to draw deities along with people by teaching;
- Dera Baba Nanak is the main center where he lived, preached, and then the great Guru died. The local temple has become an object of pilgrimage.
How to celebrate
The celebration begins with a ceremony of great importance. It lasts 3 days and is called “Akhand path”. It is customary to read the Granth Sahib without interruption. This is a Sikh book, revered as sacred.
On a holiday, it is carried out on the last day on a huge platform. Adherents of the teachings are moving around the city, 5 guards are performing with a flag, songs from the holy book are being performed. Groups gather school students who move in a marching pace. At Gurudwara – the temple – they organize a meal together.
When is Guru Nanak Jayanti celebrated in 2022?
Guru Nanak Jayanti is observed on November 30 each year.