Today it is difficult for us to imagine that a woman can be considered not equal in rights with a man, but Women’s Equality Day reminds us that until quite recently, gender inequality was an objective fact, women did not have full voting rights. And we celebrate this holiday, considering it a serious breakthrough in the development of public consciousness.
August 26 was declared Women’s Equality Day by the US Congress. The date was chosen in honor of the famous 19th Amendment to the Constitution, which allowed women to vote in elections. The first proclamation about this was signed in 1920 by Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby, but the struggle for women’s rights was not completed, and again this issue was raised already in 1923 by Congresswoman and social activist Bella Abzug.
Throughout history, attitudes towards women have changed extremely slowly for the better, but:
- The question of the legal status of a woman and her possibility of equality with men did not go until the 19th century.
- In antiquity, the position of women was not much different from the status of useful things. Even in the enlightened societies of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, women did not have the right to vote and could not hold public office. According to the men of that time, only faithful wives, immaculate girls and priestesses deserved respect. Prostitution was legalized, but getters and “wolves” were powerless, and slaves were considered “talking tools” at all.
- In the Middle Ages, women were valued for their dowry, that is, they were essentially a commodity.
How to celebrate
And today in many countries women’s rights are not equal to men’s. There are many forms of oppression of women – they are forced into prostitution, forced to be circumcised, sold into slavery or married off at an immature age, they are allowed and even encouraged by male violence. You can celebrate Women’s Equality Day by learning more about the women’s rights movement. Tell your family and friends about it on social media. Donate to a charity dedicated to women who are victims of violence (whether domestic or dictated by the social order in their country).
When is Women’s Equality Day celebrated in 2022?
Women’s Equality Day is observed on August 26 each year.