National Freedom Day is an annual American holiday dedicated to the abolition of slavery at the state level. Celebrated on February 1st. It is not a holiday, but many Americans treat it with special reverence.
Slavery has flourished since the 15th century, when the territory of America was actively developed by European colonists. The local indigenous population often fell into slavery. Slaves were also brought in from Africa to work in the colonies. All these people were humiliated, they lived in inhuman conditions and were used only as free labor. From historical information it is known that slaves were often transported on ships in cells, where they literally lay on top of each other due to lack of free space. Many died on the way from hunger and disease.
In 1865, Abraham Lincoln decided to end slavery by signing the Slavery Abolition Act. It established that in the United States and in all territories controlled by the state, slavery is completely prohibited. Since then, National Freedom Day has been celebrated on February 1, people have gained freedom, slavery has been eradicated, and society has become one step closer to complete harmony and mutual understanding.
Officially, the holiday has been celebrated since 1948, when the corresponding bill was signed by President G. Truman.
- Because of the inhumane conditions, the slaves often organized uprisings and escapes. To catch them, even a special breed of dog was bred – the Cuban mastiff.
- In the early 19th century, the importation of slaves into the United States was banned. Slave farms began to operate throughout the country. Women were forced to give birth to children who, after birth, immediately became slaves and, upon reaching a certain age, were sent to work. Virginia became the largest center of such activity.
- The tribes of Africa often fought among themselves and captured people who were then sold to Europeans as slaves.
How to celebrate
Visit various cultural events, listen to lectures at universities on the topic of slavery and its eradication. Be sure to go to the Liberty Bell, wreaths are always laid at it on National Freedom Day. This monument is a symbol of independence and equality.
Compose a congratulatory post on social networks. Tell us some interesting information about the holiday.
When is National Freedom Day celebrated in 2023?
National Freedom Day is observed on February 1 each year.