Every year in India on October 26, Accession Day is celebrated – the most important historical date on which the states of Jammu and Kashmir were united into India. Not so long ago, the day began to be massively celebrated. Officially documented only in 2019.
From 1846 until the end of 1947, the states belonged to the regions under the control of the British Empire. Officially, the principalities of Jammu and Kashmir were ruled by Britain. But in fact, all decisions were made by local rulers. In August 1947, the British Empire gave the choice to the heads of the principalities for independence. And on October 26, despite many disagreements between the rulers and their assistants, they managed to join the composition of India. During this period, there were many different events that history describes.
Accession is known for the following facts:
- The anti-monarchist movement in the states was started by Muslims who wanted to join Pakistan.
- After the accession, the first war between India and Pakistan began.
- Separatists who want to annex these states to Pakistan consider October 26 to be a “Black Day”. They repeatedly staged uprisings and wars, wanting to make a coup d’état, preventing them from joining India.
How to celebrate
A characteristic feature of identity is the lighting of large fires. The festival of lights on this day symbolizes the victory over the British Empire. This is not such a grandiose event as Republic Day, but tourists always strive to see the event with their own eyes. The holiday was widely spread only in the north of the country.
Each year, Accession Day begins with a speech by the city administrations in these regions. An obligatory part of the celebration is the march of Indian military personnel in front of the audience. This is how the independence of the regions is displayed.
When is Accession Day celebrated in 2022?
Accession Day is observed on October 26 each year.